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    怎樣改善英語口語?

      英語外教指出,絕大多數中國人在口語交流會表現無話可說,或者想說說不出的感覺。英語口語無話可說最關鍵的原因是什么呢?最根本的原因是缺乏句型、單詞。雖然學英語多年,外教老師家長鼓勵學生多說,但其實他們肚子里沒有足夠的“墨水”,自然不可以信手拈來,開口就說了。

      English foreign teachers point out that the vast majority of Chinese people have nothing to say in oral communication, or feel like they can't say it. What is the key reason why oral English is speechless? The most fundamental reason is the lack of sentence patterns and words. Although foreign teachers and parents have encouraged students to speak English for many years, they don't have enough "ink" in their stomachs. Naturally, they can't speak at their fingertips.

      1、積累詞匯,復述內容

      1. Accumulate vocabulary and retell content

      準備階段,主要是進行單詞量的積累模仿。大量的朗讀背誦復述英文材料。選擇難度稍微比自己能力高一點的英文材料,通過各種方式,如閱讀。做練習題,聽英語磁帶,看英語錄像和電影等,來擴大詞匯量。掌握常用的詞組、短語等,“熟練”是與人會話的前提,只有熟練,在會話時才能流利。熟練的標準就是要達到不加思索地脫口而出。

      The preparation stage is mainly to accumulate and imitate the amount of words. Read and recite a lot of English materials. Choose English materials that are slightly more difficult than your own ability through various ways, such as reading. Do exercises, listen to English tapes, watch English videos and movies to expand your vocabulary. Master common phrases, phrases, etc. "proficiency" is the premise of conversation with people. Only proficient can be fluent in conversation. The standard of proficiency is to blurt out without thinking.

      建議從日常生活、學習、工作、政治、經濟、文化、歷史等等與我們最接近的場景開始練習,注重場景對話的句型和對應的回答模式。這樣背誦復述起來容易把零散的知識點串聯起來,行程體系結構。

      It is suggested to practice from the scene closest to us in daily life, study, work, politics, economy, culture, history, etc., and pay attention to the sentence pattern of scene dialogue and the corresponding response mode. In this way, it is easy to connect the scattered knowledge points and the journey architecture.

      2、注重發音聲調模仿

      2. Pay attention to pronunciation and tone imitation

      英語口語模仿練習,需要大聲朗讀,模仿時要大大方方,清清楚楚,一板一眼,口形要到位,不能扭扭捏捏,小聲小氣地在嗓眼里嘟嚷。剛開始模仿時,速度要慢些,以便把音發到位,把音發準了以后,再加快速度。直到能用正常語速把句子輕松他說出來,脫口而出。大聲模仿的目的是使口腔的肌肉充分活動起來,改變多年來形成的肌肉的習慣運動模式,使嘴與建立起新的口腔肌肉的運動模式,英語發音的運動模式。

      Oral English imitation practice needs to read aloud. When imitating, you should be open, clear, and precise. Your mouth shape should be in place. You can't mince and whisper in your voice. At the beginning of imitation, the speed should be slow so that the sound can be delivered in place. After the sound is delivered accurately, the speed can be accelerated. Until he could speak the sentence easily at normal speed and blurted it out. The purpose of loud imitation is to make the oral muscles fully active, change the habitual movement mode of muscles formed over the years, and establish a new movement mode of oral muscles and English pronunciation.

      模仿一定要“像”,指模仿者的語音,接近所模仿的語言,所模仿的聲音非常逼真。純正優美的語音是短期模仿所能達到的,對于有英國英語基礎的人學說美國英語是如此,對于習慣于說漢語的人學說英語更是如此。過度需要一段時間,時間的長短取于自學者的專心程度。

      Imitation must be "like". It means that the imitator's voice is close to the imitated language, and the imitated voice is very lifelike. Pure and beautiful pronunciation can be achieved by short-term imitation, especially for those who have the foundation of British English to learn American English, and for those who are used to speaking Chinese to learn English. Excess takes time, and the length of time depends on the degree of concentration of the self-study scholar.

      3、語法結構固定句式累積

      3. Grammatical structure fixed sentence pattern accumulation

      尋找一篇文章,在不斷聽讀的操作中,模仿整句話遠遠比模仿單個單詞重要的多。需要注意的是自己說出的句式和短語是需要語法正確的,否則對方是無法理解自己表達的意思,而語法也是組成句式的最重要的框架要求。外在灌輸、講解句型和單詞的時候,頻頻效率很低。一是因為語言障礙,在面對基礎本來就不太好的學生時,講解一個單詞損失了大量的時間。

      Looking for an article, in the operation of continuous listening and reading, imitating the whole sentence is far more important than imitating a single word. It should be noted that the sentence patterns and phrases you utter need to be grammatically correct, otherwise the other party will not be able to understand the meaning you express, and grammar is also the most important framework requirement for the formation of sentence patterns. The efficiency of external indoctrination and explanation of sentence patterns and words is very low. First, because of the language barrier, it loses a lot of time to explain a word in the face of students who are not very good at basic knowledge.

      并且英語語法不夠好在后期語言基礎上會是非常嚴重的障礙,導致自己的語句混亂,雜亂無章。在一定的單詞儲備和語法基礎上,已經到達肯定程度,就能夠比較容易地探討許多話題的內容。

      And the poor English grammar will be a very serious obstacle on the basis of the later language, resulting in their own sentence confusion and disorder. On the basis of certain word reserve and grammar, we can easily discuss the contents of many topics after we have reached a certain degree of certainty.

      4、文化邏輯意識的養成

      4. The cultivation of cultural logic consciousness

      語境意識的養成對語言本領的培養是具備主導性作用的。學習英語最好的辦法就是把一私人直接扔到英國或者美國去。一個雅思英語口語準備已經完成前面兩個階段的學生,頻頻會發現,自己發音和語調已經過關,逐漸開始靠近英語母語人士的發音,而各個但這完全都還處在紙上談兵的階段。將之前所學完全轉化為實戰經驗,學生也需要逐漸注意提升文化交際意識。當我們懂得西方人的交際習慣時,其實就能夠掌握與之交談的辦法。

      The cultivation of context consciousness plays a leading role in the cultivation of language skills. The best way to learn English is to throw someone directly to England or America. A student who has completed the first two stages of IELTS oral English preparation will often find that his pronunciation and intonation have passed the test, and gradually begin to approach the pronunciation of native speakers of English. However, all these are still in the stage of talking on paper. To fully translate what they have learned into practical experience, students also need to gradually pay attention to improving their awareness of cultural communication. When we understand the communication habits of Westerners, we can actually master the way to talk with them.

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